Max Planck Institute of Neurobiology

Research publications

You can find more research publications messages on the website of the Institute:

Research publications 2017

Thalamus helps the cerebrum with learning

November 14, 2017

Contrary to previous belief, learning processes do not occur exclusively in the cerebral cortex [more]


Intestinal flora from twins is able to initiate multiple sclerosis

September 11, 2017

Genetically modified mice deliver first indication that human intestinal bacteria can trigger multiple sclerosis [more]


Brain region mediates pleasure of eating

August 21, 2017

Neurons in the amygdala link food consumption to reward [more]


Illuminating neural pathways in the living brain

July 24, 2017

Optobow method makes functional connections between individual neurons visible [more]


Remote control of behaviour by optically activating single neurons

May 17, 2017

New method allows linking individual neurons and network activity to behaviour in zebrafish [more]


The formation of folds on the surface of the brain

May 04, 2017

Adhesion of migrating neurons influences the folding of the cerebral cortex [more]


The more active the fly, the faster its brain works

April 03, 2017

Neurobiologists discover important characteristics of the motion detector in the fly brain [more]


Understanding the brain with the help of artificial intelligence

February 27, 2017

Neurobiologists program a neural network for analyzing the brain’s wiring [more]

Research publications 2016

New neurons for the brain

October 26, 2016

Transplanted embryonic nerve cells can functionally integrate into damaged neural networks [more]


Hungry cells on the move

September 06, 2016

Researchers discover a signalling pathway that enables cells to reach their destinations through repulsion [more]


Neuron unites two theoretical models on motion detection

August 09, 2016

Computation of motion by T4 cells in the fly brain more complex than previously believed [more]


Neurons form synapse clusters

July 19, 2016

The contact points of cells in the cerebral cortex form functional groups [more]


Cells send out stop signs

July 04, 2016

Signaling molecules can make neuronal extensions retract at a distance [more]


Stable perception in the adult brain

June 09, 2016

Neurons return to their original state after a change [more]


Smelling and tasting what’s good

May 04, 2016

Polyamine receptors boost food selection and reproductive success [more]


Pregnancy changes perception of odours and tastes

May 04, 2016

Receptor modifies how mated fruit flies perceive polyamines [more]


Hunger shifts sensory perception in the fish brain

April 14, 2016

Neurobiologists show how satiety may influence decisions [more]


Neuronal calculations consider expectations

March 02, 2016

The fly brain takes typical features of the environment into account when calculating motion [more]


Cells that show where things are going

February 04, 2016

Neurobiologists characterize nerve cells that detect motion by light changes [more]

Research publications 2015

Relative perception of the world

December 03, 2015

Optical illusions show how the fly brain processes contrast and motion information [more]


Decision-making in the fly brain

August 20, 2015

When food smells simultaneously appealing and repulsive, the learning centre aids decision-making [more]


Inhibitory synapses influence signals in the brain with high precision

August 06, 2015

Nerve cell signals can be modulated and blocked by individual contacts [more]


Surprising similarity in fly and mouse motion vision

July 29, 2015

Motion direction is computed by similar types of neural circuits [more]


Cellular motion filters

July 16, 2015

Opponent activity of a new type of neuron is responsible for selective motion vision [more]


Fish on the run

June 25, 2015

Researchers describe how an approaching object triggers a flight reaction in the fish brain [more]


Open road to the circuit diagram of the brain

April 13, 2015

Staining method brings the reconstruction of all nerve cells and their connections within reach [more]

Research publications 2014

Which dot will they hunt?

December 15, 2014

Prey is recognised even by the zebrafish retina [more]


Navigation for nerve cells

October 22, 2014

FLRT proteins direct precursors of pyramidal cells to their destination by attractant and repellent signals



Neurons in a forest of signposts

October 22, 2014

Proteases help nerve cells to navigate [more]


Insular cortex alterations in mouse models of autism

July 31, 2014

Scientists unravel a neural circuit that could play an important role in autism [more]


Division of labour in the fish brain

July 24, 2014

A small group of nerve cells control swim posture [more]


Faster fish thanks to nMLF neurons

July 24, 2014

Scientists discover the transmission used by zebrafish to change to another gear [more]


Synapses – stability in transformation

April 16, 2014

Synapses remain stable if their components grow in coordination with each other [more]


How vision makes sure that little fish do not get carried away

April 16, 2014

Newly discovered types of neurons in the animals’ brain help to compensate for self-motion [more]


Sociable receptors: in pairs, in groups or in a crowd

February 05, 2014

The proportion of different receptor groups in the cell membrane determines whether cell repulsion takes place [more]


Parkinson gene: Nerve growth factor halts mitochondrial degeneration

January 30, 2014

New link discovered between processes associated with a Parkinson’s-related gene defect [more]

Research publications 2013

Two-way traffic in the spinal cord

December 18, 2013

New cell type paves the way for movement-related nerve fibres [more]


When neurons have less to say, they say it with particular emphasis

October 16, 2013

Neurons strengthen their synapses in order to remain active after loss of input [more]


Motion layers in the brain

August 07, 2013

Neurobiologists discover elementary motion detectors in the fruit fly [more]


The brain: with all its cells and their connections

August 07, 2013

Scientists succeed in the complete reconstruction of a piece of retina [more]


Depressed fish could help in the search for new drug treatments

August 05, 2013

Antidepressant normalises the behaviour of zebrafish with a defective stress hormone receptor [more]


Hunger affects decision making and perception of risk

June 25, 2013

Different neural circuits process environmental signals depending on the state of satiation [more]


Going live – immune cell activation in multiple sclerosis

May 22, 2013

New indicator molecules visualise the activation of auto-aggressive T cells in the body as never before [more]


Blind and yet not blind

May 03, 2013

Flies use different nerve cell circuits to process motion and position information [more]

Research publications 2012

Multiple sclerosis is remote controlled

September 10, 2012

The lungs function as a gathering point for autoaggressive immune cells [more]


Dopamine – A substance with many messages

July 18, 2012

In the insect brain, dopamine-releasing nerve cells are crucial to the formation of both punished and rewarded memories [more]


New immune defence enzyme discovered

April 02, 2012

A previously unknown serine protease forms part of the antibacterial defence arsenal of neutrophil granulocytes [more]

Research publications 2011

Scientists succeed in making the spinal cord transparent

December 25, 2011

A new method enables researchers to see through tissue [more]


Natural intestinal flora involved in the emergence of multiple sclerosis

October 27, 2011

Beneficial intestinal bacteria can activate immune cells and trigger the overreaction of the immune system [more]


Equilibrium in the brain

September 06, 2011

Excitation and inhibition remain balanced, even when the brain undergoes reorganization [more]


How memory is read out in the fly brain

July 08, 2011

MB-V2 nerve cells enable the read-out of associative memories [more]


Tracking down motion perception

June 22, 2011

Tracking down motion perception [more]


Partnership of genes affects the brain's development

February 13, 2011

Nerve cells are able to find and contact their partner cells thanks to the interaction of two genes [more]


Cancer drug aids regeneration of spinal cord injuries

January 28, 2011

Taxol stabilizes growing nerve cells and reduces the barrier-function of scar tissue [more]

Research publications 2010

Fewer synapses - more efficient learning

December 08, 2010

An adhesive protein increases the number of neuronal connections [more]


Evolutionary bestseller in image processing

November 10, 2010

Nerve cells in the eyes of flies and vertebrates use similar process to split up optical information [more]


Nerve cells in optic flow

September 15, 2010

Nerve cells use internal amplifiers to compensate for discrepancies in optic input [more]


Once bitten, twice shy - a temperature switch triggers aversive memory

July 26, 2010

Neurobiologists can now activate specific nerve cells to study the association between sensations and negative experiences [more]


The brain of the fly - a high-speed computer

July 12, 2010

Neurobiologists use state-of-the-art methods to decode the basics of motion detection [more]


Chloride channels render nerve cells more excitable

April 20, 2010

Scientists discover how nerve cells may influence their own activity [more]


Sensitive nerve cells

April 06, 2010

A massive loss of nerve cells as seen in Parkinson's disease is triggered off only when three conditions are met [more]


Where injured nerve cells heal their bones

February 23, 2010

The supporting structures of neurons can form directly at an injury site [more]

Research publications 2009

Crossing the line: how aggressive cells invade the brain

November 05, 2009

Real-time observation sheds new light on multiple sclerosis [more]


Star-shaped cells in the brain aid with learning

September 07, 2009

The astrocytes have a say in how efficient nerve cells exchange information [more]


The dormant potential of damaged nerve cells

July 13, 2009

Damaged neurons in the spinal cord retain their ability to grow [more]


Tracking down the causes of multiple sclerosis

June 10, 2009

Three new insights contribute to a better understanding of the disease [more]


Cells with double vision

February 17, 2009

How one and the same nerve cell reacts to two visual areas [more]

Research publications 2008

It takes two to tango

November 26, 2008

Not only receivers, but also synaptic terminals of nerve cells are highly adaptable [more]


Forgotten but not gone - how the brain takes care of things

November 13, 2008

Connections between nerve cells remain intact even when temporarily put out of service [more]


Growth treatments for nerve cells

October 11, 2008

Nerves of the peripheral nervous system regrow after injury, nerve cells of the central nervous system do not. The cells' backbone structure could make the difference. [more]


Pores open the door to death

September 16, 2008

Scientists settle the question as to how our immune defences enter and attack its own cells when they fall prey to viruses and tumour cells [more]


Neighbour's aid for jobless nerve cells

September 01, 2008

Unexpectedly, even the adult brain can show massive rewiring of nerve cells to compensate for a breakdown in the information flow [more]

A molecule keeps anxiety down

August 19, 2008

The correct number of Eph receptors on the surface of nerve cells makes it possible to create a meaningful link from experiences to emotions [more]


Efficient technique enables thinking

August 18, 2008

Nerve cells are constantly making and breaking contact with other cells [more]


Antibodies in the brain

May 19, 2008

New procedure enables the matching of antibodies to their source cells [more]

Research publications 2007

The building blocks of memory

August 17, 2007

It takes up to 24 hours before nerve cells actually exchange information via a newly established contact. [more]


Electrified cells don’t get dizzy

June 25, 2007

Max Planck Scientists reveal the details of a neuronal circuit in the fly`s brain [more]


Health care system for aging nerve cells

March 13, 2007

Signaling Ret-receptors protect the live of nerve cells in the aging brain [more]


Hairstyle of a Neuron: From Hairy to Mushroom-Head

March 07, 2007

Max Planck scientists unravel a mechanism that controls synapse formation [more]

Research publications 2003

A two-lane road to ruin

July 04, 2003

Max Planck scientists have uncovered the 3D-structure of an important defense-enzyme and have developed a new cost-effective way of producing it [more]

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