Facts and Figures

Facts and Figures

Legal Form

The Max Planck Society is a non-profit organization under private law in the form of a registered association. Its highest-ranking decision-making body is the Senate. Its members come from major sectors of academic and public life.

The Max Planck Society's Administrative Headquarters with the President's Office are located in Munich.


There are 86 institutes and research facilities (as of January 1, 2021); five institutes and one research facility are situated abroad.


The Max Planck Society employed a total of 23,969 staff as of 31 December 2020, comprising 21,187 contractually employed individuals, 542 scholarship holders as well as 2,240 guest scientists. Of the 21,187 contractually employed individuals, 6,912 individuals were employed as Directors, Research Group Leaders or Scientific Research Assistants, another 3,411 as doctoral candidates. Non-scientific activities include 8,729 persons in technology and administration. 411 employees completed an apprenticeship on the reporting date; a further 1,596 persons were employed as student and scientific assistants.

As of December 31, 2020, the proportion of female employees was 44.5 percent. The proportion of women researchers was 17.8 per cent at W3 level, 36.3 per cent at W2 level and 32.3 per cent at the level of scientists employed under the collective agreement for the public sector; in the non-scientific areas it was 55.1 per cent.

Among the scientists, the proportion of those from abroad was 54.6 % – this high proportion can be attributed to the fact the International Max Planck Research Schools particularly recruit international Ph.D. students and that a high number of visiting scientists come from abroad. As of December 31, 2020, 33.3 % of all of the employees were foreign nationals.


The Max Planck Society is mainly financed by public funds from the federal government and the federal states*, in the year 2021 the MPG is financed to approximately 1,97 billion euros.

In addition, the Max Planck Society and its Institutes receive third party project funding from public and private contributions and from the European Union. The federal and state governments jointly provide the subsidies for the budget of the Max Planck Society.

* The Free State of Saxony requests the following information: "This funding is co-financed by tax revenues on the basis of the budget approved by the Saxon State Parliament".

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