Facts and Figures

Facts and Figures

Legal Form

The Max Planck Society is a non-profit organization under private law in the form of a registered association. Its highest-ranking decision-making body is the Senate. Its members come from major sectors of academic and public life.

The Max Planck Society's Administrative Headquarters with the President's Office are located in Munich.


There are 84 institutes and research facilities (as of 1st January 2024); four institutes and one research facility are situated abroad.


The Max Planck Society employed a total of 24,655 staff as of 31st December 2023, comprising 20,942 contractually employed individuals, 520 scholarship holders as well as 3,203 guest scientists. Of the contractually employed individuals, 6,688 individuals were employed as Directors, Research Group Leaders or Scientific Research Assistants, another 3,444 as doctoral candidates. Non-scientific activities include 8,786 persons in technology and administration. 375 employees completed an apprenticeship on the reporting date; a further 1,455 persons were employed as student and scientific assistants.

As of 31st December 2023, the proportion of female employees was 44.9 percent. The proportion of women researchers was 21.7 percent at W3 level, 41.6 percent at W2 level and 33.8 percent at the level of scientists employed under the collective agreement for the public sector; in the non-scientific areas it was 55.3 percent.

Among the scientists, the proportion of those from abroad was 57.2 percent – this high proportion can be attributed to the fact the International Max Planck Research Schools particularly recruit international Ph.D. students and that a high number of visiting scientists come from abroad.


The Max Planck Society is mainly financed by public funds from the federal government and the federal states*. In 2023, this was slightly more than 2.1 billion euros.

In addition, the Max Planck Society and its Institutes receive third party project funding from public and private contributions and from the European Union. The federal and state governments jointly provide the subsidies for the budget of the Max Planck Society.

* The Free State of Saxony requests the following information: "This funding is co-financed by tax revenues on the basis of the budget approved by the Saxon State Parliament".

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