New Institutes in East Germany. The Max Planck Potsdam-Golm Research Campus is inaugurated
Three new Institutes moved into new buildings in Potsdam-Golm, on the outskirts of the old Prussian military city, in 1999: the MPI for Gravitational Physics, the MPI of Colloids and Interfaces and the MPI of Molecular Plant Physiology. This turned Golm into a new centre of science in Greater Berlin, as the Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft and the University of Potsdam also erected new greenfield research facilities in the structurally undeveloped March of Brandenburg. New Max Planck Institutes were also founded in Rostock, Dresden, Leipzig, Halle, Greifswald, Jena and Magdeburg. In parallel to the establishment of new Institutes in former East Germany, sites in the West were being closed, including the MPI of Biology, the MPI for Behavioural Physiology and the Gmelin Institute of Inorganic Chemistry and Interfaces.