Yearbook 2011

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A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
Understanding households’ saving behavior is very important, not only for social sciences scientists. The SAVE panel study offers since 2001 detailed information to investigate this topic empirically. The analysis of the data shows that although a vast majority of the population does not feel financially secure for their old-age, only a minority plans to increase their private old-age provisions.  The latest wave of the SAVE-study, conducted in cooperation with the Institute for Employment Research, will allow getting an even improved picture of the households’ old-age provisions. more
Politics, legal thinking, and ethics on the threshold to modernity: how does one act in a highly complex world, in which good intentions manifest themselves all too often as atrocious deeds, and in which the tested and tried political procedures of yesteryear seem hopelessly inadequate for coping with today’s global problems? A project at the Max Planck Institute for Legal History studies the School of Salamanca and the Spanish discourse about the relationship between Europe and the non-European world in an early phase of globalisation in the 16th and 17th century. more
Asia’s ever growing political and economic importance is not disputed any more. Europe, however, still lacks a coherent strategy how to cope with this challenge. Based on 150 years of genuine friendship between Japan and Germany the later has a unique chance to deepen its engagement in Asia in cooperation with its Japanese partner. Law in general and comparison of law with Japan especially are a high potential building block for an Asian strategy. more
A research project at the Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law deals with the role of law in the reconstruction of so-called post-conflict societies. It examines the integrative function of constitutional law and the various mechanisms of conflict resolution which may be used to address the underlying roots of specific conflicts. The research contributes to the framing of the co-operation and consultation projects the Institute is carrying out in a number of extremely fragile countries, including Afghanistan, Iraq, Sudan and Somalia. more
The treatment of cybercrime in the substantive criminal law and the corresponding rules of criminal procedure are significant issues in today’s information society. The focus on cybercrime at the Max Planck Institute for Foreign and International Criminal Law has as its aim the detailed analysis of relevant offenses and legal norms. The future criminal law regulation of the global cyberspace will be redefined on the basis of this fundamental research. This new law must, above all, be better adapted to the intangible nature of data and information as well as to the global nature of cyberspace. more
The balancing of private interests has hitherto been seen as the primary task of private law. However, a research project at the Max Planck Institute for Tax Law and Public Finance shows that private law is better conceived of as a tool which the legislator may use to regulate economy or society. In this respect, private law competes with criminal law and administrative law and serves the public interest. A new concept of private law does not only challenge jurisprudential theories but also entails important consequences for legislation and legal practice. more
The welfare effects of taxation and the impact of market power on tax incidence are decisive for the evaluation of tax reforms. Laboratory experiments confirm the theory-based prediction on welfare effects of taxation: firms with market power bear a large share of the burden of the increase of a unit sales tax, while firms with no market power are able to shift the burden of a tax increase on to the consumers. more
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