Yearbook 2012

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A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
The understanding of structure-property relationships is of fundamental importance for the optimization of a nanosized solid-state catalyst. Powder diffraction enables not only the determination of crystal structures of nanomaterials but also provides access to their microstructures and allows fascinating insights how catalysts behave under reaction conditions. more

Catalytic milling: A new entry point for lignocellulose biorefineries

Max-Planck-Institut für Kohlenforschung Meine, Niklas; Hilgert, Jakob; Kaldstrom, Mats; Rinaldi, Roberto; Schüth, Ferdi
Lignocellulose is an attractive feedstock for the production of fuels and chemicals. Unfortunately, the disintegration of this complex biopolymer is very difficult. Acid impregnation and mechanical treatment can be combined to result in a fully water-soluble product. The lignin is easily separated from the aqueous solution. The remaining compounds can be selectively converted to monomeric sugars or sugar alcohols using different catalytic processes. Moreover, fermentation for the production of ethanol is possible as well. These findings open up new possibilites for the use of biomass. more
Law relies on visualization as the positive legislative text represents merely an approximation. Through images, objects and signs the law escapes a tautology, as it reaches cultural and social actions only by materialization. The research project at the Kunsthistorisches Institut in Florence analyzes the form of artifacts used in the field of law, to delineate their agency. more
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