MPR 3 /2007How Enemies Are Made
There is a mistaken perception that many conflicts are caused by ethnic differences. Günther Schlee, Director at the Max Planck Institute for Social Anthropology, is an analyst of armed conflict. In most cases, resources are the cause of war. In the ensuing struggle for water, oil or grazing land, members of one’s own ethnic or religious grouping become obvious allies.
MPR 1 /2007The Restless Continent
Africa is in motion. Conflict, as in Sudan or Somalia, is not the only thing that forces people to leave their homes. There is, however, almost always confl ict where they arrive. These conflicts and their potential solutions are the subject of research being carried out by scientists at the Max Planck Institute for Social Anthropology. In the process, they are learning much about the mobile lives that many people lead as a matter of course. And about the opportunities that mobility offers: for the gold diggers in northern Benin, Burkina Faso, for example; or in Mali, for the Fulbe, nomadic herdsmen who crisscross the whole of West Africa; or for the migrants from Ghana, who are seeking a new future in Europe.