Nobel Laureates who conducted research at the MPG/KWG
The Nobel Prize is considered the highest award in science worldwide. It is awarded annually in the categories of physics, chemistry, physiology or medicine, literature and peace efforts. The Max Planck Society counts 29 Nobel Prize winners who were scientific members of the Max Planck Society or its predecessor, the Kaiser Wilhelm Society, in the year the prize was awarded.
The scientists listed below were no longer or not yet Scientific Members at the time the prize was awarded, but conducted the most important part of their research in the Max Planck Society or left a lasting mark on it through their commitment to research and administration.
2009 - Nobel Prize in Chemistry
1984 - Nobel Prize in Medicine
Georges Köhler and César Milstein developed a technique for the production of monoclonal antibodies. The Hybridoma technique is still used in many important applications in medicine and science. For instance, monoclonal antibodies are used for active immunisation and for standard tests to determine, for example, blood groups. Köhler and Milstein shared the prize with Niels K. Jerne who was honoured for his “theories concerning the specificity in development and control of the immune system”.
1935 -Nobel Prize in Medicine
For his discovery of the organizer effect in embryonic development.
1932 - Nobel Prize in Physics
For the creation of quantum mechanics, the application of which has, inter alia, led to the discovery of the allotropic hydrogen forms.
1925 - Nobel Prize in Physics
Together with Gustav Ludwig Hertz, for their discovery of the laws governing the impact of an electron upon an atom.
1922 - Nobel Prize in Medicine
Together with Archibald Vivian Hill, for his discovery relating to heat production in the muscle.
1918 - Nobel Prize in Physics
In recognition of the services he rendered to the advancement of Physics through his discovery of energy quanta.
1914 - Nobel Prize in Physics
For his discovery of crystalline X-ray diffraction.