To introduce competition policies, developing countries can act on the national or supranational level. A trend toward supranational competition law systems can be witnessed in Africa, Latin America and the Caribbean region. In many instances, developing countries follow the European example. However, the particular trade and integration paradigm of the European model cannot provide an adequate response to the manifold challenges in developing countries. Rather, one has to take account of the socio-economic, political and cultural specificities of the particular region.