Yearbook 2009

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A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
Cellulose is a renewable and highly available feedstock. This biopolymer is typically found in wood, straw, grass, and crop residues. Its use, as raw material for biofuel production, opens the possibility for sustainable biorefinery schemes that do not compete with food supply. Here we show how the research on cellulose at the Max-Planck-Institut für Kohlenforschung is helping to tackle the problems facing the utilization of lignocellulosic materials for the production of biofuels. more
Diminishing fossil reservoirs and global warming make the efficient utilization of alternative feedstocks imperative. Lignocellulosic biomass is a promising feedstock, not in competition with food, and allows for CO2-neutral technologies. Its conversion via hydrogenolysis presents an interesting entry point for future biorefinery and the development of suitable catalysts is highly desirable. Alike, alternatives for commodities as terephthalic acid, important for PET production, are required. Based on sugars, furandicarboxylic acid, a sugar-based alternative to this compound, can be prepared. more
The premodern Mediterranean is characterized by an exchange of goods, artifatcs and knowledge beyond religious, political or cultural confinements. Harbour cities like Venice, Genoa or Pisa built and took part in networks which reached as far as to the Black Sea, and from there to the trade routes for the Far East. The Mediterranean courts shared forms of representation which cannot be understood within one cultural paradigm alone. A research project of the Kunsthistorisches Institut combines case studies with a discussion of the methodological implications of a Mediterranean art history. more
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