Max Planck Institute for Solid State Research

Max Planck Institute for Solid State Research

Lithium batteries that provide electric cars with power, superconductors that conduct electricity over long distances without loss, solar cells that harvest solar power – all of these examples are based on the electrical conductivity characteristics of solid materials. These are some of the phenomena which scientists investigate at the Max Planck Institute for Solid State Research. Solid state materials include metals, ceramics and even crystals of organic molecules. Just how the structures of these materials affect their electrical, mechanical and magnetic properties, is what solid state researchers seek to understand. To this end, the researchers particularly focus on solids at the nanoscale, which behave differently compared to materials in larger dimensions. In order to miniaturize electronic circuits even further or to prepare for the electronics that will follow on from the silicon era, the behaviour of these solids needs to be controlled.


Heisenbergstraße 1
70569 Stuttgart
Phone: +49 711 689-0
Fax: +49 711 689-1010

PhD opportunities

This institute has an International Max Planck Research School (IMPRS):
IMPRS for Condensed Matter Science

In addition, there is the possibility of individual doctoral research. Please contact the directors or research group leaders at the Institute.

Department Electronic Structure Theory more
Department Solid State Spectroscopy more
Department Nanoscale Science more
Department Physical Chemistry of Solids more
Department Solid State Quantum Electronics more
Department Quantum Many-Body Theory more
Department Low Dimensional Electron Systems more
Department Electronic Structure Theory more
Department Inorganic Solid State Chemistry more
Light gets ions going
Light controlled current transport by charged atoms, now demonstrated for the first time, makes new applications conceivable more
Nuclear magnetic resonance scanner for individual proteins
Thanks to improved resolution, a quantum sensor can now identify individual atoms in biomolecules more
The first glimpse of a single protein
A folded protein molecule can be clearly imaged with the help of electron holograms more
Trickling electrons
Close to absolute zero, the particles exhibit their quantum nature more
Nanotechnology: Molecular Lego with an encoded blueprint
In a self-organized process, a selected peptide forms a honeycomb structure on a surface more

Quantum World in a Cube

1/2014 Material & Technology
Nanoelectronics is at once a promise and a challenge. Within their tiny dimensions, electrons, the drivers of electronic circuits, exhibit some exotic quantum effects. Using ultrasensitive techniques, researchers in Klaus Kern’s department at the Max Planck Institute for Solid State Research in Stuttgart are studying the behavior of electrons in nanostructures.
Electric cables that routinely conduct electricity without loss – physicists have been motivated by this idea ever since superconductivity was discovered 100 years ago.
Researchers aim to revolutionize blood sample analysis with highly sensitive diagnostic chips.
No job offers available

Flexible organic transistors and integrated circuits with extremely small supply voltages of 0.7 V

2018 Klauk, Hagen
Chemistry Material Sciences Solid State Research
Compared with transistors based on inorganic semiconductors, organic transistors can be fabricated at much lower temperatures of about 100 degrees Celsius. This makes it possible to manufacture electronic systems on a variety of unconventional substrates, such as plastics, paper and textiles. As this type of electronic systems is of interest for mobile applications, it is critical that the transistors and circuits can be operated at very low supply voltages. We have therefore developed an ultra-thin gate dielectric that reduces the required supply voltage to 0.7 Volt. more

Quantum chemical approaches to electronic structure theory for materials

2017 Grüneis, Andreas; Alavi, Ali
Chemistry Material Sciences Solid State Research
Quantum chemical approaches to the description of the electronic structure of real materials can be used to predict even strong electronic correlation effects with high accuracy. However, the scaling of the computational complexity to calculate and store the true many-electron wave function often makes these methods intractable. In this review we report on recent progress to reduce the computational complexity of wave function based methods for the study of molecules and solids. more

Ultrafast Lithium between two graphene layers

2017 Kühne, Matthias; Paolucci, Federico; Popovic, Jelena; Maier, Joachim; Smet, Jurgen H.
Chemistry Material Sciences Solid State Research
In analogy to lithium-ion technology, bilayer graphene is employed as an electrode in an electrochemical cell for the first time. An innovative cell design allows for the application of electronic transport methods known from the field of nanostructures and low-dimensional systems. This unusual combination offers unprecedented direct access to the motion of lithium-ions that may be reversibly inserted in between the two carbon sheets of bilayer graphene. An ionic mobility much higher than in bulk graphite can thus be revealed. more

The exotic faces of entangled electrons in solids

2016 Takagi, Hidenori
Chemistry Material Sciences Solid State Research

In transition metal compounds, electrons are strongly entangled (correlated) by Coulomb interaction and forms a rich variety of solid, liquid and gas phases. We are aiming to explore exotic electronic phases formed by spin, charge and orbital degrees of freedom of entangled electrons. In this review, we report that by incorporating relativistic spin-orbit coupling, entanglement of spin and motion of electrons, in complex iridium oxides, even richer phases of correlated electrons emerge including spin orbital electron solid (Mott insulator), Dirac electron gas and Quantum spin liquid.


Magnetism at the limit

2016 Loth, Sebastian
Chemistry Material Sciences Solid State Research

Atomically small magnets behave drastically different compared to macroscopic magnets. Quantum mechanical phenomena determine their stability and dynamics. Scanning probe methods can be used to create individual quantum magnets atom by atom. The atomically precise magnetic structures enable the exploration of new concepts for ultra-dense data storage and magnetic sensors for atomic-scale environments.

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