Yearbook 2017

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A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
Lung cancer is the leading cause of death from cancer globally. One reason for this is that early signs and symptoms are unspecific and most lung tumors are recognized at an advanced stage. The Max Planck scientists have developed a test to detect lung cancer in early stages. It is based on the detection of genes that are active in tumor cells, but not in healthy lung cells. more
Mining was one of the most important driving forces behind economic and technological dynamics in early modern Europe. This research project, hosted at the Max Planck Institute for the History of Science offers a new perspective of the early modern mining industry as a sociomaterial phenomenon in its own right. more
People differ widely in their willingness to take risks. Moreover, an individual’s propensity for risk taking can vary across domains. But new research shows that – akin to the general factor of intelligence – there appears to be a general factor of risk preference, which remains relatively stable over time. Importantly, this factor cannot be assessed by conventional behavioral tests, which often yield contradictory results. The new findings cast light on the nature of human risk-taking propensity. more
For at least 45,000 years, humans have been altering tropical forests using techniques ranging from controlled burning of sections of forest to plant and animal management to clear-cutting and the establishment of urban centers. This is the finding of a recent review, which for the first time brings together data from studies all over the world. These findings counter the common view that tropical forests were pristine natural environments prior to modern agriculture and industrialization. They also have implications for today’s conservation efforts. more
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